During 40 weeks of pregnancy, there are some diseases requiring surgery. This operation can be associated with pregnancy or with other diseases. Problems associated with appendicitis and gallbladder are the most common of these diseases. In addition, there are operations for such diseases as gastric perforation, bowel disease, hemorrhoids. In emergency situations, despite pregnancy, operations involving a traffic accident, injuries of gunshot wounds and cutting tools, fractures, neurosurgical and orthopedic operations are necessarily performed. During pregnancy, approximately 1-2% require surgical intervention because of a cause not related to pregnancy.

Couples are concerned about the consequences and the need for surgical intervention for the mother and child. The form and location of surgery are risk factors for pregnancy. Operations that are not in the abdominal cavity are performed by local anesthesia or procedures necessary for the tooth, relatively have a lower risk. The operations performed in the abdominal cavity and the volume of the operation (the duration of the operation) are also more risky. However, the period during which the operations will be performed in terms of risk is important. The operations that must be performed in the first three months of pregnancy can cause low risk, and the last 3 months can provoke premature birth. Therefore, the operation performed in the 2nd and 3rd months of pregnancy will be relatively less risky.