In assessing reproductive performance, men are usually less involved than women. Analysis of sperm is the first step towards the study of sperm cells. If any abnormalities are found in this test, you should consult a doctor for further evaluation and further study. During your first visit, your doctor will find out your medical history and check if there are any physical problems that can cause infertility.

Disease medical story Your doctor will ask whether you have mumps, fever, diabetes, or whether you have had sexually transmitted diseases, your previous injuries and surgeries. All this can affect the reproductive capacity of men. At the same time, the doctor will ask questions about interactions with chemicals, stress, drug and alcohol use, training habits, the frequency of sexual acts, the history of your family’s reproductive health.

Physical checkup Your doctor will check if there are any problems with your reproductive organs.

Your testicles: The testicles wıll be checked to see their location before or during birth, if testes are displaced from the groin or lower back to the scrotum (ovarian sachet). Healthy sperm production can not take place in undescended testicles because the body temperature is higher.

Scrotum: check for varicose veins of the scrotum (varicocele). This causes stagnation of blood and leads to an increase in temperature in the testicles. Due to this, the number, quality and motility of the spermatozoa significantly decrease. This leads to a drop in the number and quality of spermatozoa.

Prostate: is examined for abnormal consistency. Prostate fluids are checked for any infection condition or inflammatory condition. In addition, the doctor examines the distribution of fat and hairiness of your body, which is an indicator of the development of hormones. Blood tests are performed to measure the level of hormones that affect reproductive performance.

Semen analysis (spermogram) To assess the amount and quality of your sperm, a sample of sperm obtained by ejaculation is examined under a microscope. This indicates whether there is a situation that prevents the transfer of spermatozoa into the fallopian tubes or whether there are any problems passing through the protective layer of the egg. However, on different days the number of spermatozoa can vary, it may take more than one sample. To get a reliable sample guarantee:

  • Before taking the sample, avoid sexual intercourse for two or three days.
  • Use the storage container given to you by the laboratory. Put all your sperm.
  • If you have collected a sample at home, take the sample to the laboratory for half an hour, keep it at room temperature (hold the sample under your arm or between your legs).

It’s very hard to leave your sperm to someone else’s hands… but we will get some answers after all.